The Tatra chamois (Slovak: Kamzík) is a unique type of a mountain goat living only in Tatra Mountains. Like all mountain goats, chamois live on steep rocky terrains. Their life span is approx. 20 years. Females and with calves create small herd, while adult males prefer solitary life throughout the whole year. This completely unique species evolved for thousands of years after the Ice Ages in a totally isolated environment, and it differs from the related chamois species of the Alps and the Apennines. This endemic species can’t be found anywhere else on the planet but in the High Tatras!
Its winter their coat consists of thick, woolly underfur and long guard hairs, suited to conserving heat in its chilly alpine habitat, and the somewhat elastic pads of the hooves provide reassuring grip on uneven and slippery rocks. In spring and summer, their coat has a lighter tawny-brown color and hairs is short, stiff and coarse .
The size of the critically endangered Tatra chamois population have been tracked annually. According to the last counting performed in November 2017, there are only 1263 of them left.